Mango Tree Diseases, Pests and Problems: Top Issues & Fixes

Mango trees often face numerous pests and diseases that can affect the overall health, vitality, and production of the tree.

Understanding the major diseases of mangoes and the pests that frequent these trees is crucial for optimal mango production and ensuring the longevity of the tree.

Mango Tree Diseases

Mango, a beloved tropical fruit, unfortunately, can suffer from several diseases at all stages of its development.

These diseases can cause heavy losses in mango production if not identified and treated timely. Here, we’ll cover major mango diseases, their causes, and how to address them.


Anthracnose is a prevalent fungal disease affecting mango trees. This disease is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, which predominantly targets mango fruits, twigs, flowers, and leaves.

The primary symptoms of the disease are dark black spots that form on the mango fruit, eventually causing fruit rot.

Additionally, mango leaves may turn brown or exhibit a reddish-brown hue. In severe cases, anthracnose may cause flower blight, reducing fruit set significantly.

Conditions that favor anthracnose’s development include high humidity and consistent wet weather.

These conditions, especially during the flowering stage, can lead to severe infection, causing heavy losses in mango production.


  • Prevention is key in controlling anthracnose. Begin by selecting resistant mango varieties, and ensure proper spacing between trees to promote air circulation.
  • Regularly prune the mango tree to remove infected twigs and branches and improve sunlight penetration.
  • Fungicides can be used, especially during flowering to control blossom infection.
  • Ensure that the spray covers all parts of the mango tree for optimal results.
  • Manage water around the tree to prevent prolonged periods of leaf wetness.

Algal Leaf Spot

Algal leaf spot is another common disease of mango trees. It’s characterized by raised, red rust-like spots on mango leaves.

This disease primarily affects the leaf lamina and might extend to young shoots, causing them to weaken or die.

The condition flourishes in environments with high moisture and limited air circulation.


  • Regularly inspect the mango tree, and prune affected areas to reduce the spread of the disease.
  • Ensure the tree is in a location that receives adequate airflow, and avoid overhead watering, which can increase leaf wetness.
  • Biological control agents can also be introduced as an environmentally friendly solution.

Bacterial Black Spot

Bacterial black spot is a serious disease of mango trees, characterized by raised, angular black spots on leaves.

The bacteria can spread rapidly, especially during rainy seasons, leading to defoliation and decreased mango production.


  • To manage bacterial black spot, start by selecting mango varieties resistant to this disease.
  • Maintain cleanliness around the tree, and remove and destroy affected leaves and fruit.
  • In severe cases, copper-based sprays can be applied as a preventive measure.

Mango Scab

Mango scab, caused by the fungus Elsinoe mangiferae, primarily affects the young mango fruits, flowers, and foliage.

Symptoms of the disease include scaly lesions on the mango fruit, which can reduce its overall quality.

Mango buds and flowers are especially susceptible, making disease management crucial during the flowering and fruiting stages.


  • Prune regularly to remove diseased parts of the tree, ensuring better airflow and reducing fungal spore concentration.
  • Application of fungicides, especially during the flowering stage, can provide successful control of mango scab.
  • It’s also important to sanitize pruning equipment to prevent the spread of the disease.

Powdery Mildew and Downy Mildew

Both powdery mildew and downy mildew are fungal diseases that can affect mango trees.

Powdery mildew, caused by Oidium mangiferae, manifests as white powdery patches on mango leaves and panicles.

Downy mildew results in yellowish patches on the leaf surface and can lead to premature leaf drop.

Conditions that favor these diseases include high humidity, moderate temperatures, and poor air circulation.

Powdery mildew can cause considerable losses in mango production if left unchecked.


Ensuring the mango tree has good air circulation is crucial. Regular pruning can help achieve this and reduce the fungal disease’s severity.

Sulfur-based sprays can control powdery mildew effectively, while copper-based sprays can combat downy mildew.

Always follow label recommendations and avoid spraying during hot, sunny conditions.

Sooty Mold

Sooty mold is a condition often seen on mango trees, characterized by a black, soot-like coating on mango leaves and occasionally on fruits and twigs.

This mold isn’t a direct pathogen of the mango; instead, it thrives on the honeydew excreted by pests such as aphids, scale insects, and mealybugs.

The presence of sooty mold is often an indicator of a pest problem.

Besides being unsightly, in severe cases, the thick mold can interfere with photosynthesis, which affects the mango tree’s overall health.

Conditions favoring sooty mold include warm, humid environments and an abundance of pest populations producing honeydew.


  • Controlling the pests is key to managing sooty mold. Regularly inspect the mango tree for major pests, and use appropriate control methods, including organic or chemical sprays.
  • The mold can be washed off the leaves with a mild soap solution, which not only removes the mold but can also deter pests.
  • Keeping the area around the tree clean can help reduce the likelihood of pest infestations and, by extension, sooty mold development.

Mango Malformation Disease

Mango malformation disease is a serious and widespread pest-induced condition. The exact cause remains disputed, though many believe it to be due to a combination of fungal agents and mites.

This disease is characterized by distorted growth, particularly in the flowers, reducing fruit set and, consequently, mango production.

The flowers become twisted and leaf-like and fail to set fruit. In young mango trees, the disease might result in bushy and dense clusters of twigs.


  • Prune and destroy malformed shoots during the dormant season. Ensuring that pruning tools are sanitized between cuts can prevent the spread of the disease.
  • Chemical sprays can be effective when used at the right interval during flowering to control blossom infection.
  • Proper spacing between mango trees can also deter the spread, allowing for better air circulation and less favorable conditions for disease development.

Root Rot

Root rot is a fungal disease that affects the mango tree’s root system. Various fungi can cause root rot, but the result is a weakened tree with wilting leaves and reduced vigor.

In severe cases, the disease can lead to the death of the mango tree. The disease is most severe in waterlogged soils or those with poor drainage.

Avoid planting mango trees in areas prone to waterlogging. Good drainage is essential, so consider raised beds or mounds if necessary.


  • Regularly inspect the tree trunk and the base for signs of fungal growth or decay, and apply fungicides to control the onset.
  • Ensure there’s proper spacing between trees.
  • Always source plants and seeds from reputable suppliers to minimize the risk of introducing the disease.

Verticillium Wilt

Verticillium wilt is a soil-borne fungal disease affecting mango trees. Caused by the fungus Verticillium dahliae, this disease causes mango leaves to turn yellow, wilt, and eventually drop.

As the disease progresses, branches may die back, and in severe cases, the entire mango plant can perish.

This disease is most destructive in cooler climates and is challenging to control once the soil has been infected.

Crop rotation with non-host plants can help reduce soil-borne concentrations of the fungus. Avoid overwatering, as water-stressed trees are more susceptible.


  • In cases where verticillium wilt has been identified, it’s vital to remove and destroy affected parts of the tree.
  • Solarizing the soil—a process where clear plastic is placed over the soil during hot months—can be effective in reducing the fungal population.
  • Use resistant mango varieties where available.


Canker is a bacterial disease that affects mango trees, resulting in sunken lesions on twigs, branches, and sometimes fruits.

These lesions exude a gum-like substance. As the disease progresses, these cankers may enlarge and girdle branches, causing them to die.

The mango fruit is susceptible too, with cankers reducing their marketability.

Conditions that favor the development of canker include high humidity, frequent rain, and injuries to the mango tree, such as those from pruning or pests.


  • Prune and destroy affected branches, ensuring that pruning tools are sanitized between cuts.
  • During wet seasons, copper-based sprays can provide some control against the bacterium responsible for canker.
  • Proper tree care, including pest management and avoiding injuries to the tree, can reduce the chances of canker development.

Mango Mosaic Virus

Mango Mosaic Virus (MMV) is a serious disease of mango trees. It’s characterized by a mosaic pattern of yellow and green on mango leaves, leading to poor fruit set and reduced mango production.

The virus is spread primarily by aphids and through the use of infected grafting materials. Once a mango tree is infected, it remains a source of the virus for its entire life span.


  • Always use virus-free planting material when establishing new orchards.
  • Regularly inspect the mango tree for symptoms of the disease, and remove and destroy affected parts.
  • Implementing an integrated pest management approach to control aphids can significantly reduce the spread of MMV.
  • Ensure that pruning tools are thoroughly cleaned between uses to avoid cross-contamination.

Phoma Blight

Caused by the fungus Phoma glomerata, Phoma blight primarily targets young shoots, causing them to turn brown and die. This fungal disease can cause defoliation and affect fruit set.

During wet conditions, small black spots, which are the fungus’s fruiting bodies, may be seen on affected parts of the mango tree.


  • Prune and destroy affected twigs and branches. Ensuring that pruning tools are sanitized between cuts can prevent the spread of the disease.
  • Regular fungicide sprays, especially during the rainy season, can offer control.
  • Proper spacing and positioning of trees for optimal air circulation can prevent the conditions that favor this fungal disease.

Pink Disease

Pink Disease, caused by the fungus Erythricium salmonicolor, affects the bark of the mango tree, leading to cankers that exude pinkish gum.

Over time, the cankers girdle branches, causing wilting and death of the affected parts. This disease can cause heavy losses in mango production if left unchecked.


  • Inspect mango trees regularly for signs of pink gum oozing from the bark.
  • Prune and burn affected branches to reduce the disease’s spread.
  • Apply fungicides as a preventive measure, especially during wet seasons.
  • Ensure trees are well-spaced, and avoid wounding the tree as wounds can become entry points for the fungus.


Gummosis is not caused by a single pathogen but rather a combination of factors that lead to the mango tree exuding gum from the bark.

Fungal agents, insect damage, or physical injuries can trigger gummosis.

It’s not always a severe threat, but in some cases, it can weaken the mango tree and make it susceptible to other pests and diseases.


  • Maintain the overall health of the mango tree by ensuring it receives appropriate water and nutrients.
  • Address any pest issues promptly as insect damage can exacerbate gummosis.
  • When pruning, make clean cuts, and avoid causing unnecessary wounds to the tree.
  • If a fungal agent is suspected, consider fungicide treatments.


Galls on mango trees are primarily caused by gall midges. These are small, raised swellings found on leaves or twigs. They house the developing larvae of the gall midge.

While galls can be unsightly, they rarely cause severe damage to mature trees. However, young mango trees can experience reduced growth if heavily infested.


  • For young mango trees, inspect for galls regularly, and prune affected areas.
  • Natural predators, such as parasitic wasps, can help in controlling gall midges.
  • For mature trees, the galls are mostly a cosmetic issue and don’t typically require intervention.
  • Maintaining overall tree health can help the tree withstand minor gall infestations.


Dieback is a condition where twigs and branches of the mango tree begin to die from the tip downwards. It can be caused by various fungi, often entering the tree through wounds or cuts.

Affected branches show a progressive death of shoots, often accompanied by the presence of fungal fruiting bodies.


  • Regularly inspect trees, and prune back the dead portions to healthy wood, ensuring that pruning tools are cleaned between cuts.
  • Avoid causing unnecessary injuries to the mango tree as these can become entry points for fungi.
  • Applying protective fungicide sprays can help in preventing dieback, especially during wet conditions.

Mango Tree Pests

Mango trees, despite their beauty and the succulent fruit they provide, are susceptible to a range of pests that can harm them at various growth stages.

From the moment the mango plant displays its first leaves to the mature tree bearing fruit, these pests can present significant challenges.

Recognizing the major pests and understanding their behavior can lead to effective control measures, ensuring that mango production is both abundant and of high quality.

Mango Fruit Fly

A close look at a fruit fly on the flesh of a ripe mango.

The mango fruit fly, one of the major pests of the mango tree, poses a significant threat to mango crops worldwide.

Adult fruit flies are about 6-8 mm long and are often mistaken for small wasps due to their appearance. They have clear wings, and their body can range from a dark yellow to brown color.

Mango fruit is susceptible to the larvae of this fly, which bore into the fruit to feed, causing fruit rot.

Overripe or damaged mangoes left on the tree or on the ground are primary attractants. These conditions are ideal for female flies to lay their eggs.

Larvae tunnel through the fruit, causing it to rot from the inside. Infested mangoes often drop prematurely.

The damage they cause can lead to heavy losses in mango production, making them one of the most economically damaging mango pests.


  • Regularly harvest ripe fruit, and remove fallen mangoes from around the tree to reduce breeding sites.
  • Use bait traps with specific pheromones to attract and capture adult flies.
  • Cover young fruit with protective bags or nets to prevent female flies from laying eggs.
  • Release biological control agents, like parasitic wasps, which target the larvae.
  • Application of recommended insecticides at an interval during flowering to control blossom infection can be effective.

Mango Seed Weevil

Close-up of the mango seed weevil on ripe mango flesh.

Mango seed weevils, also known as mango stone weevils, primarily attack the mango seed inside the fruit.

The adult weevil is a small, dark-brown beetle approximately 8-10 mm in length. It has a distinct snout that it uses to bore into mango fruit.

The female weevil is attracted to young mango fruit, where she lays her eggs on the surface. Upon hatching, the larvae bore into the fruit, targeting the seed.

While the fruit’s flesh remains largely unaffected, the seed inside gets damaged. Infested mangoes can have a shortened shelf life and may drop prematurely.


  • Ensure regular inspection of mango crops, looking for signs of boreholes in the fruit.
  • Remove and destroy infested fruit to break the life cycle.
  • Encourage natural predators, such as birds, which can feed on adult weevils.
  • Apply approved insecticides when the mango tree is fruiting for effective control.


A plant stem completely covered with green aphids.

Aphids are tiny insects that can be green, black, brown, yellow, or red. They can be found on various parts of the mango tree, including leaves, stems, and flowers.

Aphids are minute, pear-shaped insects that congregate in large numbers on new growth. They secrete a sticky substance called honeydew, which can lead to sooty mold.

Tender, new growth on mango plants is especially appealing to aphids.

Aphids suck sap from the mango tree, weakening it and causing curled and distorted leaves. They also transmit various diseases like powdery mildew.


  • Encourage beneficial insects such as ladybugs and lacewings that feed on aphids.
  • Apply insecticidal soap or neem oil to the affected parts of the mango tree.
  • Avoid excessive nitrogen fertilizers, which can promote tender growth, attracting more aphids.

Scale Insects

Several soft scale insects on a green leaf.

Scale insects stick to the leaf surface, stems, and fruit of mango trees, drawing out the sap and weakening the plant.

These pests are flat and oval-shaped and can be brown or reddish in color. They appear as tiny, immobile bumps on the tree.

Similar to aphids, scale insects are attracted to new growth on mango plants.

Apart from drawing out sap, they also excrete honeydew, leading to the development of sooty mold on mango leaves.


  • Natural predators like ladybugs can be effective against scale insects.
  • Prune heavily infested branches or twigs.
  • In severe cases, consider using horticultural oil or insecticidal soap, ensuring that it comes in contact with the insects.
  • Monitor the mango tree regularly for signs of infestation and act promptly.


Mealybugs congregated on green plant stem.

Mealybugs are small, white, cottony pests that can infest various parts of the mango tree, including roots, leaves, and fruit.

They are soft-bodied insects covered with a white, powdery wax. They often congregate in large numbers, making them appear as white, cottony masses.

They are drawn to mango plants with high nitrogen levels and those under water stress.

Mealybugs feed on plant sap, weakening the tree and causing yellowing of leaves. Like aphids and scale insects, they excrete honeydew, which promotes sooty mold growth.


  • Natural predators, such as lacewings and ladybugs, can be effective against mealybugs.
  • Spraying infested areas with insecticidal soap or neem oil can provide control.
  • Ensure proper watering, and avoid excessive nitrogen fertilization.


Four thrips on a damaged leaf.

Thrips are minuscule, slender insects that can be a considerable concern for mango growers due to the damage they inflict on both leaves and the developing mango fruit.

These tiny, elongated pests, usually less than 1mm long, range in color from translucent white to dark brown. Under magnification, they appear to have fringed wings.

Thrips are primarily attracted to the soft tissues of young mango leaves, flowers, and newly set fruit. The soft tissue is ideal for them to puncture and feed.

Thrips feed by scraping off the surface of the foliage or fruit and then sucking up the plant juices. This feeding results in the silvering of leaf surfaces, curled mango leaves, and scarred fruit.

In addition, they can serve as vectors for several diseases of mango, further compounding the harm they cause.


  • Regularly monitor young shoots and flowers for signs of thrips damage.
  • Release beneficial insects like pirate bugs, ladybugs, and lacewings that are natural predators of thrips.
  • Apply insecticidal soaps or neem oil sprays, ensuring complete coverage as thrips can hide in crevices.
  • Reflective mulches can be used around the tree to repel thrips.


A close look at an adult green leafhopper on a leaf.

Leafhoppers are agile jumpers that suck plant sap from leaves, leading to significant stress for the mango tree.

They are small, wedge-shaped insects that can be green, brown, or yellow. Their hind legs are modified for jumping, and they move quickly when disturbed.

Leafhoppers are generally attracted to the younger, tender parts of the mango tree.

The feeding activity causes a stippled appearance on mango leaves, leading to yellowing and sometimes defoliation. Additionally, they can transmit harmful pathogens, leading to further diseases of the tree.


  • Keep the area around the tree clean, removing weeds and debris that might harbor these pests.
  • Encourage natural predators, like spiders and ladybugs, that feed on leafhoppers.
  • Neem oil or insecticidal soap can be effective against leafhoppers when sprayed on affected parts.
  • Floating row covers can be used in severe cases to protect young trees.

Spider Mites

Red spider mites and webbing on the tip of a leaf.

These are tiny arachnids that, while nearly invisible to the naked eye, can cause noticeable damage to mango trees when they appear in large numbers.

Spider mites are so small that their presence is often identified by the symptoms of their damage rather than seeing the mites themselves.

They can be found on the underside of leaves and often create fine webbing.

Dry and dusty conditions typically favor spider mite outbreaks. They are particularly attracted to mango trees under water stress.

Spider mites pierce individual plant cells and suck out the contents.

This feeding causes stippling on the leaf surface. Severe infestations can lead to leaf drop, reduced mango production, and even twig dieback.


  • Regularly spray water on the underside of mango leaves to disrupt the dry conditions spider mites favor.
  • Introduce predatory mites that naturally control spider mite populations.
  • Avoid using broad-spectrum insecticides that can kill beneficial insects, exacerbating the mite problem.
  • For serious infestations, miticides designed specifically for spider mites can be used.


Several whiteflies congregating on the stems of mango tree leaves.

Whiteflies are tiny, winged insects that can quickly become a serious and widespread pest on mango trees due to their rapid reproduction.

They are small, white, moth-like insects. When mango leaves are disturbed, clouds of these pests can be seen flying away.

Whiteflies are drawn to the undersides of young mango leaves where they feed and lay their eggs.

They suck sap from the mango plant, leading to yellowing and drooping of leaves.

Like several other pests, they produce honeydew, which leads to the growth of sooty mold on mango leaves. In certain conditions, they can transmit harmful viruses.


  • Introduce beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, and parasitic wasps that can feed on whiteflies.
  • Yellow sticky traps like these placed around the tree can trap adult whiteflies.
  • Regular applications of insecticidal soap or neem oil can help control their populations.
  • Reflective mulches around young trees can deter whiteflies.

Fruit Borers

Several mango tree borer larvae and frass.

Fruit borers are among the major pests that afflict mango trees, causing direct damage to the mango fruit.

Fruit borers are the caterpillar larvae of certain moths. They are typically creamy white or pinkish in color and can be found burrowing inside the mango fruit.

The scent and soft flesh of the developing mango fruit attract these pests.

They bore into the mango fruit, feeding on the inside. Their presence is often signified by oozing sap, frass, and visible entry or exit holes on the fruit.

This damage can lead to secondary infections by fungi, resulting in fruit rot. The mango fruit is susceptible to these borers, especially during its early development stages.


  • Regularly monitor mango fruits for signs of borer activity, and remove and destroy any infested fruits.
  • Pheromone traps can be used to attract and trap adult moths, reducing their numbers.
  • Biological control agents such as Trichogramma wasps can be released to parasitize borer eggs.
  • Chemical control methods, such as insecticides, can be applied during the flowering and fruiting periods but should be used judiciously to avoid residue on fruits.


Red ants crawling on the leaves of a mango tree.

Ants are not directly harmful to mango trees, but they can indirectly support the spread of other pests.

Ants can range in size and color, but their segmented bodies and rapid, organized movement make them easy to spot.

Ants are attracted to the honeydew produced by aphids, scale insects, and whiteflies. They protect these pests from their natural predators in exchange for honeydew.

While ants themselves do not damage the mango plant, by farming and protecting pests that produce honeydew, they can encourage infestations of these other harmful pests.


  • Use ant baits and barriers to prevent them from climbing the tree trunk and accessing the mango tree.
  • Control honeydew-producing pests to reduce the ant food source.
  • Prune branches that touch buildings, fences, or other structures to prevent ants from using these as bridges.
  • Ensure the area around the tree is clean and free from food sources for ants.


A mango leaf covered with white caterpillars.

Caterpillars are the larvae of various moth and butterfly species. They can cause significant defoliation if left unchecked.

They vary in size, color, and pattern but are typically soft and segmented and have distinct, often hair-like structures. Some might also have distinct patterns or colors that indicate their species.

Tender leaves, flowers, and young shoots are what caterpillars predominantly feed on.

They chew on mango leaves, flowers, and young shoots, leading to reduced fruit set and overall vigor of the mango tree.


  • Physical removal is the most straightforward method. Regularly inspect the tree, and handpick caterpillars.
  • Attract natural predators like birds to reduce the population.
  • Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is an organic solution that specifically targets caterpillars without harming beneficial insects.
  • In cases of severe infestation, chemical insecticides can be applied, but it’s crucial to consider the impact on the surrounding ecosystem.


Nematodes are microscopic worms that can damage mango trees by attacking the roots.

Being microscopic, nematodes are not visible to the naked eye. Their presence is usually determined by the symptoms of the disease they cause or by soil tests.

Nematodes are naturally present in the soil and are attracted to the roots of the mango tree.

Root-knot nematodes cause galls or swellings on the roots, reducing the tree’s ability to absorb water and nutrients.

This can lead to reduced growth, yellowing of leaves, and reduced mango production.


  • Implement crop rotation if the mango tree is part of a larger orchard. Growing marigolds or other nematode-repelling plants can help reduce their numbers.
  • Soil solarization, a process where clear plastic is used to cover and heat the soil, can reduce nematode populations.
  • Use nematode-resistant mango varieties if available.
  • Organic soil amendments like neem cake (find it here) can deter nematodes.


Rodents, especially rats, are a concern for mango growers as they can cause significant damage to both the tree and the fruit.

Rodents are mammals characterized by their sharp incisors that continuously grow.

The most common species that affect mango crops are rats, which can be identified by their size, fur, and tail.

The sweet smell of ripening mango fruit is the primary attraction for rats. Additionally, the bark and young shoots provide them with material to gnaw on.

Rats will bite into the mango fruit, leaving holes and making the fruit prone to fungal infections.

They also strip the bark from the tree trunk and chew on twigs and branches, which can result in long-term damage to the mango tree.


  • Keeping the area around the tree clean and free of food waste can help in reducing rodent attraction.
  • Use rodent traps placed strategically around the orchard to capture rats.
  • Rodent repellents or baits can be used, but caution should be exercised to ensure they don’t harm other animals or contaminate the mango fruit.
  • Maintaining a physical barrier or rodent guards around the tree trunk can prevent them from climbing up.

Mango Tree Problems

Mango trees, like any other plant, can occasionally exhibit symptoms of distress.

Recognizing these signs early on and understanding their underlying causes is crucial to effective intervention and restoring the health of the tree.

Mango Tree Not Growing

A mango tree that’s not growing as expected can be a result of multiple factors:

  • Soil Issues: Poor soil quality, compaction, or lack of essential nutrients can inhibit the growth of the mango tree.
  • Water Stress: Both overwatering and underwatering can negatively impact the tree’s growth. Mango trees prefer well-drained soil, and waterlogged conditions can lead to root rot.
  • Inadequate Sunlight: Mango trees need full sun to thrive. Planting them in shaded areas can limit their growth.
  • Diseases and Pests: Pests and diseases can weaken the tree, making it difficult to grow. This includes infestations like scale insects or diseases like mango malformation disease.
  • Planting Depth: If the tree is planted too deep, it can suffer from oxygen deficiency, affecting its growth.


  • Test the soil, and amend it as necessary to ensure it provides all the essential nutrients for the mango tree.
  • Ensure a consistent watering schedule without letting the soil become waterlogged.
  • If the tree is young and transplanting is an option, consider moving it to a location with better sun exposure.
  • Monitor for signs of pests and diseases, and address them promptly.
  • Ensure the tree is planted at the correct depth with the top of the root ball at or slightly above the ground level.

Yellow Leaves

Mango tree leaves that appear yellow or light green in the sunlight.

Yellowing of mango leaves can be a result of:

  • Nutrient Deficiency: Lack of essential nutrients, especially nitrogen, iron, and magnesium, can lead to yellowing leaves.
  • Watering Issues: Overwatering can cause root rot, leading to yellow leaves. Underwatering can also stress the tree and cause yellowing.
  • Pests: Certain pests, such as spider mites or aphids, can cause yellowing as they suck out the sap from mango leaves.
  • Diseases: Diseases like powdery mildew or anthracnose can cause leaves to turn yellow.


  • Conduct a soil test to determine nutrient deficiencies, and fertilize accordingly.
  • Adjust the watering schedule to provide consistent moisture without waterlogging the soil.
  • Regularly inspect the tree for pests, and use biological control agents or recommended sprays to combat them.
  • Address any fungal or bacterial diseases promptly to prevent further spread of the disease.

Brown Leaves

The appearance of brown leaves on a mango tree can be due to:

  • Frost Damage: Mango trees are sensitive to cold, and frost can cause leaves to turn brown.
  • Salt Stress: Excessive salt in the soil can lead to brown leaf tips or margins.
  • Drought Stress: Prolonged periods of dry conditions can cause browning, especially on leaf edges.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases, particularly anthracnose, can cause dark brown spots on mango leaves.


  • In frost-prone areas, plant mango trees in a protected location, or use frost covers during cold nights.
  • Reduce salt stress by ensuring proper drainage and avoiding excessive fertilization.
  • Maintain a consistent watering schedule, especially during dry periods.
  • Address diseases by pruning affected areas and applying appropriate fungicides.

Curly Leaves

Curled or distorted mango leaves can arise from:

  • Pest Infestations: Aphids, thrips, and certain mites suck sap and cause leaves to curl.
  • Water Stress: Both overwatering and underwatering can lead to leaf curling.
  • Chemical Damage: If herbicides or pesticides are applied improperly, they can cause leaf curling.
  • Viral Diseases: Certain viruses can cause mango leaves to curl and twist.


  • Monitor for pest activity, and use appropriate control methods to combat them.
  • Ensure the tree receives consistent moisture without overwatering.
  • Follow label instructions carefully when applying chemicals around the tree.
  • For viral infections, remove and destroy affected parts of the mango plant, and avoid planting in areas known for viral infections.

Mango Tree Not Flowering

A mango tree that isn’t flowering can be perplexing for growers. The potential reasons include:

  • Age of the Tree: Young mango trees may not flower until they reach a certain age or size.
  • Improper Pruning: Over-pruning or pruning at the wrong time of year can remove flower buds.
  • Nutrient Imbalance: Excessive nitrogen can promote vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.
  • Environmental Stress: Inconsistent temperatures or water stress can inhibit flowering.
  • Lack of Sunlight: Mango trees need full sunlight to flower abundantly.


  • Be patient with young trees, and provide them with the necessary care as they mature.
  • Follow proper pruning techniques, and avoid pruning during the flowering season.
  • Ensure a balanced fertilizer is used to promote both growth and flowering.
  • Maintain consistent care, considering both temperature and water needs.
  • Ensure that the mango tree is planted in a location that receives adequate sunlight.

Malformed Fruit

The presence of malformed mango fruit can be due to:

  • Pests: Insects such as fruit flies can damage the fruit, leading to malformation.
  • Disease: Mango malformation disease can cause fruit deformation.
  • Poor Pollination: Inadequate pollination can lead to incomplete fruit development.
  • Environmental Factors: Sudden temperature drops during the fruit set stage can cause malformation.


  • Apply effective control measures for pests that attack the mango fruit.
  • Address diseases promptly to prevent their spread.
  • Encourage beneficial insects, and consider hand-pollination if necessary.
  • Protect young mango fruit from sudden temperature changes with appropriate covers.

Poor Fruit Production

Several factors can lead to poor mango production:

  • Water Stress: Both too much and too little water can affect fruit production.
  • Nutrient Imbalance: Lack of essential nutrients can reduce fruit set and growth.
  • Disease: Diseases like powdery mildew can affect fruit set.
  • Pest Damage: Pests such as the mango fruit fly can reduce fruit production.


  • Follow a consistent watering schedule, ensuring well-drained soil.
  • Test the soil, and provide necessary nutrients to the mango tree.
  • Address any diseases promptly to prevent them from affecting fruit production.
  • Monitor for pests, and apply appropriate control methods.

Early Fruit Drop

Small mangoes that have dropped to the ground prematurely.

Early fruit drop in mango trees can be frustrating and is commonly due to:

  • Water Stress: Inconsistent watering can cause young fruit to drop.
  • Pest Activity: Pests like the mango seed weevil can cause early fruit drop.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases can weaken the fruit’s connection to the tree.
  • Nutrient Deficiencies: Lack of specific nutrients, like calcium, can cause fruit drop.


  • Maintain a consistent watering routine.
  • Monitor for pests, and address infestations promptly.
  • Tackle any diseases at the first sign to prevent them from causing fruit drop.
  • Ensure the mango tree receives balanced fertilization.

Fruit Splitting

Mango fruit splitting before maturity can occur due to:

  • Rapid Water Uptake: After a period of drought, a sudden heavy rainfall can lead to rapid water uptake, causing the fruit to split.
  • Nutrient Imbalance: Excess nitrogen can make fruits more susceptible to splitting.
  • Varietal Factors: Some mango varieties are naturally more prone to fruit splitting than others.


  • Ensure consistent watering to prevent rapid changes in soil moisture.
  • Apply fertilizers in moderation, and consider the specific needs of the mango tree.
  • If fruit splitting is a recurring issue, consider planting mango varieties that are less susceptible.

Final Thoughts on Mango Pests and Diseases

Mango trees, renowned for their succulent fruit, can sometimes present growers with a series of challenges in the form of diseases, pests, and various growth problems.

However, with a keen eye for observation and the right knowledge at hand, these issues can be addressed promptly, ensuring healthy growth and bountiful mango production.

Whether you’re dealing with diseases like powdery mildew or facing problems like early fruit drop, understanding the root cause and taking decisive action is the key to successful mango growing.