A lot of people keep going on and on about the awesome benefits of wood ash. Rich in potassium and other useful nutrients, spreading wood ash around your fruit trees can definitely up your gardening game.
But is wood ash good for apple trees?
Yes. Using wood ash around apple trees can help make the root system stronger, improve the pH levels of the soil, and even act as fertilizer to shower the trees with nutrients.
Wondering how to effectively use wood ash for apple trees? We’ve got your back!
Using Wood Ash for Apple Trees – What to Know
Before you head outside to your yard and throw clumps of wood ash around your apple trees, you should take a few moments to learn more about this incredible natural fertilizer.
This section explains it all!
Wood Ash Benefits for Apple Trees
The reason why many people prefer to use wood ash when planting their fruit trees, especially apples, is due to its numerous benefits.
For starters, wood ash is usually made up of around 3% potassium, and this percentage can be slightly higher or lower depending on the type of wood burned. It also contains other nutrients that promote healthy flowering and fruiting as well as stronger roots.
You can use wood ash as a means to smother any weeds that might grow around the base of apple trees. This helps prevent damage to the roots and ensures they get as many nutrients as possible from the soil.
In addition, wood ash is a wonderful candidate to use as a mulch around apple trees when composted. But here, you’ll have to apply a light sprinkle of this mulch so that the soil doesn’t become too alkaline for the apple trees’ liking.
Last but not least, wood ash helps keep several pests at bay, including slugs and snails. It also acts as a repellent to grasshoppers and caterpillars, ensuring your apples stay intact for as long as possible.
Nutrients Found in Wood Ash
It’s amazing how wood ash contains a wealth of nutrients besides potassium. In fact, due to its high concentration of beneficial nutrients, research has shown that wood ash can improve growth up to 45% more than traditional lime. Pretty fantastic, ha?
Wondering exactly which other minerals can be found in wood ash? Well, there you go:
All these nutrients contribute to the well-being of apple trees, leading to higher yields.
Effects of Wood Ash on Soil pH Level
Another thing you should know about wood ash is that it has a significant impact on the soil’s pH level. Because it contains a high percentage of calcium carbonate, wood ash can increase the alkalinity of the soil.
Of course, you can use this to model the soil’s pH level to your trees’ preferences, keeping in mind that most fruit trees, including apples, require a pH level of around 5.5 to 7.5. This is why you should always use wood ash with care around those trees.
Possible Problems With Using Wood Ash for Apple Trees
Despite its many plus points, there are several concerns surrounding wood ash when it comes to using it for apple trees. You must have a clear idea of these challenges so that you can keep issues to a minimum.
First of all, as we’ve previously mentioned, wood ash can make the soil around your trees alkaline, which your apples won’t appreciate. These trees need slightly acidic to neutral soil, so people should only use a light sprinkle of ash around apple trees.
Or, you can spread more wood ash on very acidic soil to make it only a bit acidic.
Second of all, some wood ash sources may release toxic substances into your soil and then your trees, which can affect their growth negatively.
Does the Type of Wood Ash Matter?
Yes. You must ensure that the source of this ash is free of chemicals or other materials that can be harmful to your beautiful trees.
For example, you’ll want to steer clear of the following types of wood:
- Pressure-treated wood
- Bonfire wood with coals or cardboard
- Stained wood
- Painted wood
- Chemically-modified wood
Instead, go for the ash of natural, untreated wood to reap as many benefits as you can.
How Much Wood Ash to Use Per Apple Tree
This depends on the soil’s pH level. Simply, test the acidity of the soil where you’ll be planting your apple trees. If it’s too acidic, add 25 pounds of wood ash per 1,000 square feet of soil.
On the other hand, moderately acidic soil may need only ten pounds of ash per 1,000 square feet. If the pH level of the soil is just what the apple trees prefer, you should use only a handful of wood ash around the base of each tree.
How to Use Wood Ash for Apple Trees
Wood ash fits in three scenarios when it comes to using it with apple trees. In this section, we’ll go over all the steps you should follow at planting time, when spreading it around trees, or if you decide to use it as compost.
At Planting Time
- Test the soil first to know the right amount of wood ash to add (a month before planting)
- Aerate the soil
- Use a rake and a garden spade to dig up around the area where you’ll be planting your apple trees
- Spread wood ash at the bottom of the pit
- Refill the pit with a blend of soil, compost, and wood ash
- Dig a smaller hole where you’ll plant your apple tree
- Plant your tree and refill the pit with soil
- Consider adding mulch around the base of the tree
Spreading Around Trees
- Test the pH level of the soil
- Make sure the day isn’t windy so that the ash doesn’t get blown away
- Ensure that the soil is a bit moist to help the ash particles stick to it
- Protect your eyes, nose, and mouth before spreading ash around trees
- With your hands, sprinkle handfuls of wood ash around the base of your apple trees (no more than one pound evenly around each tree)
- Spread an even layer of ½ an inch of wood ash over six inches of organic material
- Wait until the compost bucket is full and ready for use
- Combine the compost with garden soil when it’s time to plant your trees
Is Wood Ash Good for Roses?
Yes. Wood ash is a great addition to rose bushes because it contains two essential nutrients that those delicate flowers need, which are phosphorus and potassium.
Roses also benefit to a huge degree from the rest of the minerals found in wood ash, such as calcium, nitrogen, manganese, and more.
Is Wood Ash Good for Clay Soil?
Yes, wood ash performs pretty well in clay soil. Even better, clay soil tolerates higher concentrations of wood ash than sandy soils, making this a perfect combination!
However, you must pay attention not to leave wood ash in clumps over clay soil so as not to cause root damage. See, when nutrients are available in high amounts in some areas of the soil, their salts can be harmful to the roots of your trees.
Is wood ash good for apple trees?
Well, now you know that wood ash can be an incredible candidate to use as compost, mulch, soil-improving factor, and source of many nutrients.
With all of this in mind, it’s finally time to do some digging!